Testosterone is a hormone found in humans, both in men and women in lower levels, which stimulates the growth and development of male sexual characteristics, produced in large amount in the testes, and in varying amounts in the ovaries and adrenal cortex. The fact is men produce higher levels of testosterone than women, and it increases in puberty stage and starts to decrease one percent per year after the age of thirty as a result of aging. Testosterone is a natural hormone that greatly affects bodily structure and functioning, which is responsible for sperm production, muscle strength and muscle mass, mood, fat distribution, red blood cell distribution, bone density and sex drive.
Low testosterone levels can result to a variety of symptoms including less energy, decrease sex drive, feelings of depression, weight gain, low-self-esteem, moodiness, less body hair and thinner bones. Aging is an important determinant and factor of low levels of testosterone, but chronic diseases and stress may also cause the problem such as AIDS, kidney disease, alcoholism and liver cirrhosis. Low levels of testosterone is indicative of a pituitary gland disorder, wherein the pituitary gland is considered as the “master gland” that produces follicle stimulating hormone that signals the testicles to produce more testosterone. Abnormally high testosterone levels could be a result of a disorder of the adrenal glands or cancer of the testes.
Hypogonadism or reduced testosterone production does not always require treatment, but if it interferes with your health and quality of life, testosterone replacement therapy will really help. Testosterone can be given orally, gels or patches and through injections. Replacement therapy produces greater muscle and stronger sex drive. Testosterone replacement therapy using skin patch involves usage of a transdermal patch on the arm or upper body once a day. Gel forms are directly absorbed through the skin when applied once a day. Mouth patch is also available that sticks on the gums above the incisor, the tooth to the left or right of the two front teeth, applied twice daily through the oral tissues. Injections and implants are injected directly into the muscles or testosterone pellets are implanted to the soft tissues, wherein the body slowly absorbs the testosterone.
There are two ways to determine if somebody has low testosterone, which are blood test and its characteristic signs and symptoms. Research and study shows that testosterone replacement therapy offers a wide range of advantages especially for men with hypogonadism, such as improved muscle mass, libido, cognition, mood, red blood cell production and bone density. Testosterone therapy is also a proven treatment for alopecia, hair loss or baldness, because it has been shown that men with low testosterone levels tend to suffer from hair loss as well.
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